Eczema is a skin condition that affects more than 20 million Americans. It’s a chronic inflammatory condition of the skin, which means it can flare up and subside at any time. It’s not contagious, but those who have eczema should take special care to avoid triggers that can make it worse. Fortunately, there are many ways to manage this condition and keep flare-ups at bay. Eczema is also known as dermatitis or in its most severe form, xerosis. Although it can affect anyone, research has found that people with eczema have a higher risk of developing other allergic conditions like asthma and hay fever. Let’s learn about the causes of eczema and what we can do to help manage it better!
What is Eczema?
Eczema is a common inflammatory skin condition caused by a reaction to certain allergens. It can appear as dry, scaly, itchy patches on the skin, often on the face, behind the knees, elbows, and in the folds of the arms and legs. Although eczema is not caused by bacteria, it is treated with antibiotics. The exact cause of eczema is not known, but it’s likely a combination of genetic and environmental factors like allergies, stress, and sleep deprivation. In infants, eczema is often called atopic dermatitis. People with eczema may have flare-ups throughout their lives. Eczema is often treated with steroid creams. These can help ease itching and redness while the condition heals.
What are the Signs of Eczema?
Red, scaly patches of skin – Itching, which may be so intense that it can interfere with sleep – Swelling and/or fluid build-up around the area of the rash – Blisters that should be avoided as they can rupture and become infected – An increase in the severity or frequency of symptoms during certain seasons or times of the year – A family history of eczema It’s important to note that not all of the above symptoms are present in each person who has eczema. Additionally, these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, so it’s important to speak with a healthcare professional to rule out other causes and determine a proper treatment plan.
What Causes Eczema?
Like many other diseases, the exact cause of eczema remains unknown. Although there are many theories surrounding the causes of eczema, research suggests that it is a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Genetic – There’s a strong family history of eczema, asthma and hay fever among those who have eczema, which leads scientists to believe that it’s linked to the immune system. Several genes are involved in the immune response, and several have been linked to eczema. These include a mutation in the gene responsible for producing filaggrin, which is a protein that maintains the health of our skin cells. Environmental The environment in which we live has a significant impact on the health of our skin. Triggers of eczema include dry weather, certain types of dust, allergens, and certain types of soaps and shampoos.
How to Manage and Treat Eczema
Since eczema is caused by a reaction to certain allergens, it’s important to identify and avoid these triggers as much as possible. It’s also a good idea to wear protective clothing and apply moisturizers to the affected areas. There are also several natural remedies that may help reduce eczema symptoms, including: – Avoiding allergens – The most important thing you can do to manage eczema is to avoid allergens. When the immune system is overreactive, it causes inflammation, which is what happens in eczema. Most people who have eczema are allergic to something in their environment, and it’s important to figure out what it is and avoid it. Eating a healthy diet – A healthy diet can improve your skin’s health, which can also help reduce eczema symptoms. Foods to eat include fish, leafy greens, beans, and whole grains. Foods to avoid include foods high in sugar and trans fats and foods that contain high levels of histamines, such as fermented foods, beer, wine, and foods that have been canned without a preservative. – Using topical treatments – There are several effective topical treatments for eczema, including moisturizers, anti-itch creams, topical steroids, and herbal remedies. It’s important to note that steroids should be used only when absolutely necessary and as directed by a doctor.
Eczema is a common inflammatory skin condition caused by a reaction to certain allergens. It can appear as dry, scaly patches on the skin, often on the face, behind the knees, and in the folds of the arms and legs. Since eczema is caused by a reaction to certain allergens, it’s important to identify and avoid these triggers. There are also several natural remedies that may help reduce eczema symptoms, including an allergy-free diet and topical treatments.